Back To Tahrir

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During a couple of weeks in November 2011, nine months after Hosni Mubarak had been forced away as the ruler of Egypt, protestors again gathered in central Cairo. The streets leading out from Tahrir, the square where it all began, saw massive daily and nightly demonstrations; diverse, but unified in their message that the military must hand over power to civilian bodies. The first free parliamentary elections were less than two weeks away, and the revolutionary spirit of January 25 still filled Cairo’s dusty and warm air. 

_MG_0028 Protestor on Tahrir protest against the military rule in Egypt _MG_0039 _MG_0075 _MG_0131 _MG_0176 _MG_0214

Almost immediately however, what began as a peaceful protest turned increasingly violent, as riot police were employed in the neighbourhoods surrounding Tahrir. Mohammed Mahmoud Street, leading up from the square alongside the American University of Cairo, became a literal war zone, at once filled with panic and ad-hoc organised protestors. The police shot rubber bullets and tear gas, killing more than 40 people and inuring thousands. The battle – because that’s what it was – lasted for nearly a week, and was the most violent since the fall of Hosni Mubarak.

_MG_0321-2 _MG_0324 Egypt-Cairo-2011-21-nov 11.46 Protestors on Muhammad Mahmoud Street advancing _MG_0440 _MG_0546 _MG_0991 _MG_1124

 Mohammed Mahmoud quickly acquired a significance among those fighting for their city, and the walls lining the street filled up with art works. The young people who lost their lives were portrayed as angels, and graffiti promised that they would never be forgotten. Many were painted with patches over their eyes, symbolising the injuries people acquired from getting shot in their eyes by the riot police, or from the strong tear gas used against the protestors.

  Komodo and the Big Boom

_MG_1158 _MG_1203 _MG_1241  _MG_1305 All Are Equal Freedom _MG_1403

Today, more than two years later, Egypt’s Tahrir generation continues their battle for a peaceful, free, civilian state. Some of the most prolific activists are in prison, as are many members of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian military’s foremost contester to power. The graffiti on Mohammed Mahmoud has been removed and panted over several times, but the memory of the angels remains.

_MG_1616 _MG_1621 _MG_1646 _MG_1894 _MG_2374 Man holding the flag of Egypt _MG_9480-2 _MG_9520 _MG_9526 Egypt-Cairo-2011-20-nov 11.56 Boy on Mohammed Mahmoud Street seeking cover _MG_9636 _MG_9702-2 _MG_9787-2

Karim Mostafa is a Swedish photographer based in Beirut. His work captures people and societies in transformation. He has worked in countries like Egypt, Libya, Bangladesh, India and Lebanon; photographed revolutions, inspiring people and everyday life; and published his photos in publications such as Al Jazeera, American VICE, The Caravan in India, Denmark’s Politiken, Norway’s Aftenposten, Finland’s Hufvudstadsbladet and Swedish media including Sydsvenskan, SvD, Amnesty Press and Vi Läser.

Check out Karim’s work here: and follow him on instagram here: thekarimphoto